Railway Recruitment Process
Indian railway has always been a great recruiter and if this news item is to be believed, railway recruitment in 2013 is going to touch a massive figure of 1.44 lakh railway jobs. How does railway recruitment takes place, What railway jobs would be available and How to get these jobs in 2013? This is the subject matter of this article – through this article I am trying to introduce you to the railway job market, at the same time pointing you to job specific blog posts for individual railway recruitment notifications.
But before that, although Indian Railway does not need any introduction, a small synopsis would help you understand better how railway recruitment is done - specially the structure of Indian Railway - Zones, Divisions etc.
What is Indian Railway:
Founded in 16 April 1853, Indian railway is the 4th largest railway network in the world (just behind US, Russia & China) and is the world's 9th largest commercial/utility employer with over 1.4 million employees. With a track length of 115,000 km, over a route of 65,000 km and 7,500 stations, Indian railway transports 28 lakh tons of freight and 200 lakh of passengers daily- thus Indian Railway carries 2% of the entire population of India every day!
With its Headquarters in New Delhi, Indian Railway has been divided into 17 Railway Zones, which are headed by a General Manager, reporting directly to the Railway Board. Each of the zones is further divided into divisions headed by Divisional Railway Managers (DRM). The divisional officers of engineering, mechanical, electrical, signal and telecommunication, accounts, personnel, operating, commercial and safety branches report to the respective Divisional Manager. Further down this railway hierarchy are the Station Masters who are in-charge of individual stations.
Although you can find more about Indian Railway in its About us Page, I found this Wiki page on Indian Railway much more informative.
Classification of Posts in Indian Railway & Procedure for recruitment:
What are the category of posts for which railway recruitment is done? This might be of interest to you, since only than you can identify which railway jobs are available.
There are four category of railway posts for which railway recruitment is done: Group –A, B, C & D. Of these Group A & B are Gazetted jobs.
Group-A railway jobs:
These are the top-most jobs in Indian railway – they are recruited directly through UPSC exams or are promoted from Group-B to Group-A.
Example of Group-A entry level posts are:
Indian Railway Traffic Service: Assistant Commercial Superintendent (ACS), Assistant Operations Superintendent (AOS).
Railway Protection Force: Assistant Security Officers (ASO).
Railway Engineering Services: Assistant Engineer (AE)
Following is the pay-scale for different posts in Group-A railway officers:
Apex Scale: (Rs.80000-fixed).
PB-4: (Rs.37400-67000) with GP Rs.10000, Rs.8900 and Rs.8700
PB-3: (Rs.15600 – 39100): GP Rs.7600, Rs.6600 and Rs.5400
HAG stands for Higher Administrative Grade & PB stands for Pay Band.
You can find more about Group-A railway jobs and how to get these jobs in my blog article titled: Indian railway Group-A recruitment 2013 Notification, Form & Eligibility.
Group-B railway jobs:
Group-B jobs in Indian railways are not recruited directly but are filled through promotions from Group-C employees by two modes of selection as given below:
i) Based on seniority: 70%
ii) Based on Limited Departmental Competitive Examination (LDCE): 30%
The selection panel for Group-B jobs consists of 4 Head of Departments (HOD) including Chief Personnel Officer and HOD of the department concerned. Examples of Group B railway posts are: ASTE (Assistant Signal & Telecommunication Engineer), AME/AWM in Mechanical Department etc.
Pay-scale for different posts in Group-B railway jobs:
PB-3 (Rs.15600-39100) with GP Rs.5400.
PB-2 (Rs.9300-34800) with GP Rs.5400 and Rs.4800.
Since Group-B jobs in Indian railways is only meant for railway employee, this job position is not meant for freshers.
Group-C railway jobs:
Group-C jobs in Indian railways are recruited through two modes:
1.0 Recruitment through RRB (Railway Recruitment Board) exams.
2.0 Recruitment through General Departmental Competitive Examination (GDCE).
GDCE is for railway employees while freshers are recruited through RRB exams.
There are twenty RRB in India, which takes care of recruitment for 17 railway zones. Group-C railway recruitment is done at zonal level by RRBs.
Example of Group-C posts:
Ticket Examiner, Trains Clerk, Junior Clerk cum Typist, Senior Clerk, Ticket Collector Junior Accounts Assistant, Commercial Clerk, Account Clerk cum Typist, Assistant Loco Pilot, Junior Stenographer, Technician, Senior Permanent Way Supervisor, Signal Interlocking Maintainer, Staff Nurse, Radiographer, Pharmacist, Health and Malaria Inspector, Depot Material Superintendent, Telecommunication Maintainer, Enquiry-cum- Reservation Clerk, Assistant Station Master, Goods Guard, Traffic Apprentice, Commercial Apprentice, Senior Permanent Way Supervisor, Junior Engineer, Section Engineer, etc.
Pay-scale for different posts in Group-C railway jobs:
PB-2 (Rs.9300-34800); Grade Pay Rs.4600 and Rs.4200
PB-1 (Rs.5200-20200); Grade pay Rs.2800, Rs.2400, Rs.2000, Rs.1900 and Rs.1800.
You can find more about Group-C railway jobs and how to get these jobs in my blog article titled: RRB railway recruitment 2013 Notification, Form & Eligibility.
Group-D railway jobs:
At the bottom end of Indian railway job hierarchy, Group-D jobs are recruited through RRC (Railway Recruitment Cell) at Divisional level.
Example of Group-D posts:
Pay-scale for different posts in Group-C railway jobs:
PB-1S (Rs.4440-7440); Grade Pay Rs.1650, Rs.1600, Rs.1400, Rs.1300.
You can find more about Group-D railway jobs and how to get these jobs in my blog article titled: RRC railway recruitment 2013 Notification, Form & Eligibility.
Hope the information given in this article helps you to understand about the Indian Railway Job Market. To sum up, if you are a fresher, there are three groups of jobs in railway – A, C & D. While for Group-A job the recruitment is done through UPSC Exams, the recruitment for Group-C is done through RRB exams and that for Group-D is done through RRC exams.
What are the eligibilities required and how to apply for these railway recruitment? Please visit my following subsequent articles:
For Goup-C Jobs: RRB railway recruitment 2013 Notification, Form & Eligibility.
For Goup-D Jobs: RRC railway recruitment 2013 Notification, Form & Eligibility.